Balance of political power in India since 1951

Political power in India, table

Power balance between the two major opposing parties, Congress and Bharatiya Jana Sangh/Bharatiya Janata Party (BJS/BJP) since the formation of the Indian Union

Year BJS/BJP (%) Congress (%) BJS/BJP (seats) Congress (seats)
1951 3.06 44.99 3 364
1957 5.97 47.78 4 371
1962 6.44 44.72 14 361
1967 9.31 40.78 35 283
1971[1] 7.35 43.68 22 352
1977[2] 14 34.52 98 154
1980 8.6 42.69 11 353
1984 7.74 49.01 2 404
1989 11.4 39.5 86 192
1991 20.04 35.66 120 244
1996 20.29 28.8 161 140
1998 25.59 25.82 182 141
1999 23.75 28.3 182 112
2004 22.16 26.3 138 145
2009 18.83 28.52 116 206
2014 31.0 19.3 282 44

[1] Numbers for Congress (Indira)

[2] In 1977, Jana Sangh is part of the union of parties opposed to the Congress. This opposition party, named Janata Party, gained 41.32% of the votes (295 seats). The stated numbers are equivalent to the share of the share of the Jana Sangh within this merger of opposition parties (according to sources of the BJP).

2009-2014: The Indian National Congress is the single largest party in India and is able to form the government with other parties in the United Progressive Alliance (UPA). The UPA has 275 seats (incl. outside support) and has, therefore, two seats above the required number to stay in power. The BJP leads the coalition of opposition parties, National Democratic Alliance (NDA), with 136 seats.

Source:

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